Karashamb 2013, Tomb 444

Tomb 444A General Info

  1. Chamber: trapezoidal, subterranean, natural burial, 3.30-4.00 x 1.70-2.00 x 2.27 m.
  2. The longitudinal axis is oriented northwest-southeast.  
  3. The tomb is covered by large basalt and tufa stones.  
  4. External structure: the tomb is encircled by a double-row basalt cromlech measuring 10.10 m (outer) and 8.0 m (inner) in diameter.  
  5. Human remains: group burial.
  6. The first individual was placed in the southern section of the tomb with the head placed on its right side against a stone slab and facing east. The rest of the remains were placed irregularly.  
  7. The second individual was lying on his/her back with the head oriented north and facing east. The arms were stretched out along the body and the feet were on top of the remains of the third individual.  
  8. The third individual was lying on the left side, with the head oriented east facing south, the arms and legs were bent. A single cornelian bead was placed on the chest of the deceased.  
  9. The fourth individual was lying on the right side with a north-south orientation, the head was oriented south facing east, the mandible was disarticulated and placed against the skull of the second individual, the arms and legs were bent. A bronze earring was placed under the head.  
  10. The fifth individual was lying on the left side, the head was oriented west facing north, the arms and legs were bent. And iron spear was placed in front of the deceased, a fragmented dagger was placed by his left hand, and a ceramic pitcher was placed on the chest of the deceased, which at the time of discovered was lying on its side. 
  11. Burial goods: 1 pitcher, 1 iron spear, iron incomplete knife, 1 bronze earring, cornelian bead, 1 polishing stone.

Archaeological materials

Pitcher

1. Clay, wheel-made, stepped decorated handle
2. Iron Age
3. Lchashen – Metsamor 5
4. VII - VI c. BC

Spear

1. Iron, shaft-socketed, symmetrically shaped tip    
2. Iron Age
3. Lchashen – Metsamor 5
4. VII - VI c. BC


Photogallery


  • Tomb 444B General Info

    1. Chamber: trapezoidal, subterranean, natural burial, 3.30-4.00 x 1.70-2.00 x 2.27 m.  
    2. The longitudinal axis is oriented north-southeast.  
    3. The tomb is covered by large basalt and tufa stones.  
    4. External structure: the tomb is encircled by a double-row basalt cromlech measuring 10.10 m (outer) and 8.0 m (inner) in diameter.  
    5. Human remains: group burial.
    6. The first individual’s skull, without the mandible, was placed near the center of the chamber on its right side, oriented north facing west.  
    7. The second individual’s skull, without the mandible, was placed face down under the western wall of the chamber, oriented south. Skeletal remains were scattered on top and around the skull.  
    8. Burial goods: 2-3 ceramic vessels, iron spear, iron dagger blade, bronze staff head, bronze pin and needle, 2 bronze rings, lead earring, bronze awl, stone polisher, numerous and varied beads.    

    Archaeological materials

    Bead necklace 

    1. Cowrie shell  
    2. Early Iron Age
    3. Lchashen – Metsamor 4
    4. IX - VIII c. BC

    Bead necklace 

    1. Cornelian, steatite, glass, agate  
    2. Early Iron Age
    3. Lchashen – Metsamor 4
    4. IX - VIII c. BC

    Bead necklace  

    1. Cornelian, steatite, paste
    2. Early Iron Age
    3. Lchashen – Metsamor 4
    4. IX - VIII c. BC

    Bead necklace 

    1. Glass beads and a paste pendant  
    2. Early Iron Age
    3. Lchashen – Metsamor 4
    4. IX - VIII c. BC

    Bead necklace

    1. Glass, faience, steatite, and cornelian  
    2. Early Iron Age
    3. Lchashen – Metsamor 4
    4. IX - VIII c. BC


    Photogallery



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